STDs are diseases that are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact. These include chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis, and HIV. Many of these sexually transmitted diseases have no symptoms for a long time. Even without symptoms, they can be harmful and transmitted during sex.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are transmitted from one person to another during sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral, or anal) or close sexual contact. STDs are also called sexually transmitted infections, or STIs. STD stands for sexually transmitted disease, which is a disease that is transmitted through sexual behavior, such as vaginal intercourse, oral sex, anal sex, or sometimes intimate skin-to-skin contact. Some types of STDs include chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, HPV, and HIV.
Gonorrhea infection is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhea. It can be sexually transmitted vaginally, orally or anally. After a single episode of sexual intercourse with an infected partner, a woman has a 60-90% chance of being infected by a man, while a man's risk of becoming infected by a woman is only 20%. The ultimate goal of NIAID-backed research is to develop effective prevention and treatment approaches to control STDs.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are becoming more common, and service providers working to prevent STDs are often asked about the likelihood of contracting an STD because of a single heterosexual sexual encounter. Gardasil, a vaccine against the four most common strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), is an exciting achievement in the field of STDs. NIAID supports the development and licensing of vaccines, topical microbicides and pharmacological treatments, such as antibiotics and antifungals, for microbes that cause STDs. Some of the health complications that arise from STDs include pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, tubal or ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, and perinatal or congenital infections in babies born to infected mothers.
Left untreated, STDs, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, genital herpes and human papillomavirus, can cause devastating and sometimes long-term complications. Some STDs can be transmitted through intimate skin-to-skin contact, even when there is no penetration. For information on risk factors for STDs and current prevention and treatment strategies, visit the MedlinePlus site on sexually transmitted diseases. Certain factors may increase a person's chances of contracting HIV or other STDs during oral sex if exposed to an infected partner.
Infection with certain STDs may increase the risk of contracting and transmitting HIV, as well as altering the way the disease progresses. HIV is of particular concern, as biological evidence demonstrates the greater likelihood of acquiring and transmitting HIV when sexually transmitted diseases are present. However, there are no scientific studies to show whether these factors increase the risk of contracting HIV or STDs through oral sex. Some STDs are curable, while others have no cure, and if you get one of those, it can stay with you for the rest of your life.
Men and women have a similar risk of contracting most sexually transmitted infections, but women are more likely to get some STDs, such as gonorrhea and trichomoniasis. STDs are infections that are transmitted from one person to another, usually during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. As mentioned above, STDs can be transmitted through oral and anal sex, but many people believe that if they haven't had vaginal sex they're still virgins. .